BDEW publishes electricity and gas data for the first half year of 2014:
Renewable energies reach new record levels
Renewable energy plants and facilities account for 28.5 per cent of electricity consumed / electricity and gas consumption falls due to mild weather
The share of regenerative energies in the gross domestic electricity consumption increased in the first half of 2014 to a predicted 28.5 per cent. This was revealed in a preliminary survey conducted by the German Association of Energy and Water Industries (BDEW). The continued expansion of regenerative plants and the favourable weather conditions enabled renewable energies to achieve new record levels at the mid-point in the year. In the first half of 2013, the share of regenerative energies in gross domestic electricity consumption was only 24.6 per cent.
Electricity generation from wind energy plants increased in the first half-year by 21.4 per cent to 31 bn kWh. Photovoltaic plants produced 18.3 bn kWh which represented a growth of 27.3 per cent. Biomass also recorded an increase of 5.2 per cent. These facilities generated around 22 bn kWh in the first half-year. However, this development does not allow any conclusions to be drawn about the year 2014 as a whole. Electricity generation from renewable energies fluctuates greatly depending on the season and the weather meaning that the average share of renewable energies over the year can also be below the values for the quarters so far.
Generation from conventional plants is falling in a major way: The share of natural gas in gross electricity generation in the first half-year of 2014 fell once more to its current level of 9.8 per cent (first half-year 2013: 11.4). Hard coal power stations contributed an estimated 18 per cent (19.7). Nuclear power accounted for 15.4 per cent of electricity generated (15.1). The share of lignite power stations remained almost constant at 25.1 per cent (25.3).
In absolute figures, the gross electricity generation in the first half-year was 308 bn kWh (2013: 320). Of this, lignite power stations generated around 77 bn kilowatt hours (kWh) (81), hard coal power stations around 56 (63) and natural gas power stations around 30 bn kWh (36). Nuclear power stations generated approximately 47 bn kWh (48) in the first six months of the year.
Electricity and gas consumption has fallen in the first half-year of 2014: Natural gas consumption was 445.7 bn kWh (first half-year 2013: 555.5 bn kWh). As such, the consumption of natural gas fell by 20 per cent year on year. The key reason for this was the significantly warmer weather in 2014 - in particular in comparison to the cold first half of 2013. This meant that the use of natural gas for heating and CHP processes fell. The decrease in production in the chemical industry also enhanced this trend. Adjusted for temperature, the consumption of natural gas shrank by almost seven per cent.
Meanwhile, electricity consumption decreased in the same period by 5 per cent to 268 bn kWh (2013: 282). The reason for this fall was primarily the mild weather. Due to the non-uniform economic development in the individual branches of industry, the fall could only be partially compensated for.